Kashmir has been a source of contention between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947. The former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided between India and Pakistan, with India controlling about half the area and Pakistan controlling a third. The remaining area is administered by China.

The region of Jammu and Kashmir is divided into two provinces, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. India controls the provinces of Jammu and Kashmir, while Pakistan controls the provinces of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over the control of Kashmir, with no clear resolution.

The Indian government claims that the entire region of Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India, while Pakistan claims that the region is disputed and should be given the right of self-determination. India has consistently rejected any proposal for a plebiscite or referendum to decide the fate of the region.

The current situation in Kashmir is that India has control of the majority of the region, while Pakistan has control of the remaining area. The region is heavily militarized, with both countries deploying large numbers of troops in the region. The Indian government has also implemented a number of restrictions on the freedom of movement of people in the region, including a ban on the use of the internet and mobile phones.

The future of Kashmir remains uncertain, with both India and Pakistan refusing to budge on their respective positions. The United Nations has called for a peaceful resolution to the dispute, but so far, no progress has been made. Until a resolution is reached, Kashmir will remain divided between India and Pakistan, with both countries claiming control over the region.

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