Queen Mary I, also known as “Bloody Mary”, was the first female monarch to rule England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was born in 1516 and was declared heir to the throne in 1544.
Queen Mary I took the throne in 1553, after the death of her half-brother, Edward VI. She was a devout Catholic and sought to restore England to the Catholic faith. She reversed the Protestant reforms of her brother and predecessor, which caused her to become unpopular with the people. She was known for her harsh punishments and executions of Protestants, earning her the nickname “Bloody Mary”.
Queen Mary I married Philip II of Spain in 1554, in an attempt to strengthen ties between England and Spain. The marriage was unpopular with the English people, who were wary of Spanish influence. Queen Mary I had no children, and upon her death in 1558, the throne passed to her half-sister, Elizabeth I.
Queen Mary I was the first female monarch to rule England, and her reign was a turbulent one. She was a strong-willed ruler who sought to restore England to the Catholic faith, but her unpopular policies and marriage to Philip II of Spain made her unpopular with the people. Despite her unpopularity, she was an important figure in English history and the first female monarch to rule the country.