Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal Emperor of India, is often referred to as the “Brutal King of India”. He was a devout Muslim who ruled India from 1658 to 1707. During his reign, Aurangzeb sought to expand the Mughal Empire and imposed strict Sharia laws throughout the country. He also brought back the discriminatory jizya tax, which required Hindu residents to pay in return for protection.
Aurangzeb’s reign was marked by religious intolerance and oppressive policies. He destroyed many Hindu temples and imposed the jizya tax on non-Muslims. He also implemented a number of other taxes and restrictions on non-Muslims, including a ban on the construction of new temples. Aurangzeb also sought to expand the Mughal Empire by conquering new territories. He led a number of military campaigns in the Deccan region and was successful in conquering many of the Hindu kingdoms.
Despite his military successes, Aurangzeb’s reign was also marked by economic decline. He imposed heavy taxes on the population, which led to widespread poverty and discontent. In addition, Aurangzeb’s religious policies alienated many of his Hindu subjects, which led to a decline in his popularity.
Aurangzeb’s reign was also marked by a number of conflicts with the Marathas, a Hindu warrior caste. The Marathas were able to successfully resist Aurangzeb’s attempts to expand the Mughal Empire and ultimately forced him to retreat.
Aurangzeb’s reign was a tumultuous period in Indian history. He was a ruthless tyrant who imposed oppressive policies on his subjects and sought to expand the Mughal Empire at any cost. Despite his military successes, Aurangzeb’s reign was ultimately marked by economic decline and religious intolerance. He is remembered as the “Brutal King of India” and his legacy continues to be controversial to this day.