The Vedas are the oldest surviving literature of the Indian subcontinent, believed to be from the pre-vedic period. The Vedas are a collection of four sacred texts, composed in Sanskrit and composed over a period of several centuries. The four Vedas are the Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda.

The Rigveda is the oldest of the four Vedas and is believed to have been composed around 1500 BC. It is the oldest book in India and is composed of 1028 hymns or suktas, dedicated to various deities. The hymns are composed in praise of the gods and goddesses and are written in a poetic form. The Rigveda is divided into 10 books, each book containing hymns dedicated to a particular deity.

The Yajurveda is the second oldest of the four Vedas and is believed to have been composed around 1000 BC. It is composed of 40 chapters and contains prayers and mantras used in the performance of various rituals. The Yajurveda is divided into two parts, the Black Yajurveda and the White Yajurveda.

The Samaveda is the third oldest of the four Vedas and is believed to have been composed around 800 BC. It is composed of 1549 verses and is divided into two parts, the Kauthuma and the Jaiminiya. The Samaveda is composed in a musical form and is used in the performance of various rituals.

The Atharvaveda is the fourth and last of the four Vedas and is believed to have been composed around 600 BC. It is composed of 730 hymns and is divided into 20 books. The Atharvaveda is composed in a poetic form and is used in the performance of various rituals.

The Vedas are the oldest surviving literature of the Indian subcontinent and are believed to have been composed over a period of several centuries. The Rigveda is the oldest of the four Vedas and is believed to have been composed around 1500 BC. The Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda are the other three Vedas and are believed to have been composed around 1000 BC, 800 BC, and 600 BC respectively. The Vedas are composed in Sanskrit and are composed in a poetic form. They are used in the performance of various rituals and are considered to be the foundation of Hinduism.

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