Sarojini Naidu was an Indian independence activist and poet. She was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India. She was the first female poet in India and was an important figure in the Indian independence movement.
Naidu was born into a Bengali family of intellectuals and was educated in Chennai, London, and Cambridge. She was an excellent student and was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925. She was also the first female Governor of Uttar Pradesh, the largest state in India.
Naidu was a prolific writer and her works include poetry, essays, and plays. Her poetry collections include The Golden Threshold (1905), The Bird of Time (1912), and The Broken Wing (1917). She was also a social reformer and a feminist. She fought for the rights of women and campaigned for the abolition of child marriage.
Naidu was a strong advocate of non-violence and was an important figure in the Indian independence movement. She was an active participant in the Salt Satyagraha and the Quit India Movement. She was also a close friend of Mahatma Gandhi and was often referred to as the “Nightingale of India”.
Naidu died on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow, United Provinces, Dominion of India. She was 70 years old. She is remembered as a great poet, social reformer, and freedom fighter. Her legacy continues to inspire many people today.