What causes flat feet?

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a condition in which the arches of the feet collapse, causing the entire sole of the foot to touch the ground when standing It is a common condition, affecting both children and adults

Flat feet can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, injury, and the natural wear and tear of aging In children, flat feet can be caused by a lack of development of the arches during childhood This is known as congenital flatfoot, and is usually not painful In adults, flat feet can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, arthritis, and the natural wear and tear of aging

Injury is one of the most common causes of flat feet in adults Trauma to the foot, such as a sprain or fracture, can damage the ligaments and tendons that support the arch of the foot This can cause the arch to collapse, resulting in flat feet Arthritis is another common cause of flat feet in adults Arthritis can cause inflammation and stiffness in the joints of the foot, which can lead to the collapse of the arch

The natural wear and tear of aging can also cause flat feet As we age, the ligaments and tendons that support the arch of the foot can become weak and stretched, causing the arch to collapse Obesity can also contribute to flat feet, as the extra weight can put additional strain on the feet

Flat feet can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, swelling, and difficulty walking Pain is usually felt in the heel and arch of the foot, and can be worse when standing or walking for long periods of time Swelling can also occur in the feet, and can be accompanied by redness and warmth Difficulty walking can also occur, as the feet may not be able to support the body’s weight properly

Treatment for flat feet depends on the underlying cause If the condition is caused by injury or arthritis, treatment may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation Physical therapy can also be helpful in strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot

In some cases, orthotics may be recommended to help support the arch of the foot Orthotics are custom-made shoe inserts that can help to reduce pain and improve the function of the foot Surgery may also be recommended in severe cases

Flat feet can be a painful and debilitating condition, but with proper treatment, it can be managed If you are experiencing pain or difficulty walking, it is important to see your doctor for an evaluation With the right treatment, you can reduce your pain and improve your mobility

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Written by Kylie W

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